请收下这份超全的英语四六级考前必背词汇!!!

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以下是英语四六级考试前必须背下的高频词汇,掌握好这些高频词汇,在英语四六级考试中,你一定会得心应手的,加油。

1、听力易听混单词📝

1. quite | quiet

quite [kwaɪt] adv. 很,相当

quiet ['kwaɪət] adj. 安静的

tip:无论是从发音还是词义上,二者的差别都是极大的哟!只是形近而已~

2. affect | effect

affect [ə'fekt] v. 影响;使感动

effect [ɪ'fekt] n. 结果,影响 v. 造成

tip:二者都有动词词性。动词“影响”一般用affect,而effect一般作为名词使用。

3. adapt | adopt | adept

adapt [ə'dæpt] v. (使)适应;改变 [词组] adapt to

adopt [ə'dɒpt] v. 采纳;收养

adept [ə'dept] v. 熟练的;内行的 n. 专家 [词组] an adept in

tip:三者词形极像,但词义和发音都有区别,要注意区分哦~

4. angel | angle

angel ['eɪndʒəl] n. 天使;赞助人

angle ['æŋgl] n. 角;观点

tip: /ei/ 和 /æ/ 的发音,大家一定要区别清楚哦~二者第二个音节的发音也非常不同哦~

5. dairy | diary

dairy ['deərɪ] n. 乳制品,牛奶厂

diary ['daɪərɪ] n. 日记

tip: /e/和/aɪ/的发音区别~读/aɪ/的时候一定要大大地张开口腔哦~

6. contend | content | context | contest

contend [kən'tend] v. 奋斗;斗争;声称

content ['kɒntent] n. 内容,要旨 adj. 满足的

context ['kɒntekst] n. 上下文,背景,语境

contest ['kɒntest] n./v. 竞赛,争论

tip: 巧记方法:con-有“聚众、一起”的意思,tend是“走向、倾向”,一起倾向就是“声称”;tent是帐篷,一起帐篷具有“空间”的含义,因此是“容量、内容”;text是文本,一堆文本就是“语境、上下文”;test是比赛,一起比赛就是“竞赛、争论”啦!

7. principal | principle

principal ['prɪnsəpl] n. 校长 adj. 主要的,重要的

principle ['prɪnsəpl] n. 原则;原理;信条

tip:二者的发音倒是没啥区别,但注意拼写哦,一个是pal,一个是ple~

8. implicit | explicit

implicit [ɪm'plɪsɪt] n. 暗示的;含蓄的

explicit [ɪk'splɪsɪt] n. 明确的;清楚的;详尽的

tip:二者互为反义词。巧记的方法:im相当于in,不跟别人分享;ex是“出、外”,相当于跟他人积极分享。所以implicit是含蓄的,信息量小的;而explicit则是想说就说,说的够多,自然就“清楚明确”咯~

9. dessert | desert | dissert

dessert [dɪ'zɜːt] n. 甜点

desert [dɪ'zɜːt] v. 抛弃 ['dezɜːt] n. 沙漠

dissert [dɪ'sɜːt] v. 写论文;论述

tip:desert(抛弃)作为动词时的发音与dessert(甜点)一样的哦~dessert和desert中的“s”都发/z/的音,但dissert(论述)却发/s/,一定要注意哦!另外,除了desert,名词和动词时发音不同的还有record,present [比心]

10. pat | tap | slap | rap

pat [pæt] n./v. 轻拍

tap [tæp] n. 水龙头;轻拍 v. 轻拍;轻敲

slap [slæp] n./v. 掴掌,拍击

rap [ræp] n./v. 拍击;交谈

tip:四者都有“拍、击”的意思哟

11. decent | descent | descend  是什么意思

decent ['diːsnt] adj. 得体的,有分寸的

descent [dɪ'sent] n. 下降,倾斜,血统 (反义词:ascent)

descend [dɪ'send] v. 下降,屈尊 (反义词:ascend)

tip:descend是descent的动词形式。decent和descent除了拼写差异,还有发音重音位置的不同哦~

12. sweet | sweat

sweet [swɪːt] n. 甜蜜 adj. 甜蜜的

sweat [swet] n. 汗水 v. 出汗;懊恼

tip: /i:/ 和 /e/ 不要傻傻分不清楚哟~

13. later | latter | latest | lately

latter ['lætə(r)] adj. 后来的;较后的 [反义词:former]超全的英语四六级考前必背词汇

later ['leɪtə(r)] adj. 较晚的;以后的

latest ['leɪtɪst] adj. 最新的,最近的

lately ['leɪtlɪ] adv. 近来,最近

tip:latter是/æ/,指的是二者之中的“后者”,而前者用的是former。后面三个词其实都是late的衍生词,因此是/ei/,注意词性和表达上的区别。

14. costume | costumer | consume | custom | customs

costume ['kɒstjuːm] n. 服装

consume [kən'sjuːm] v. 消耗,消费;毁灭

custom ['kʌstəm] n. 习惯,风俗 adj. 订制的

customs ['kʌstəms] n. 进口税,海关

customer ['kʌstmə] n. 顾客,客户

tip:拼写和发音都是极为不同的哟,多读几遍,明确发音区别~这样听力才会easy起来!

15. extensive | intensive

extensive [ɪk'stensɪv] adj. 广泛的,多方面的

intensive [ɪn'tensɪv] adj. 加强的;密集的;透彻的

tip:ex是压力向外,in是压力向内,因此一个是扩张,一个是加强(高强度、密集)。

16. aural | oral

aural ['ɔːrəl] adj. 听觉的;耳的

oral ['ɔːrəl] adj. 口头的,口述的 n. 口试

tip:读音一致,但拼写和含义不同哟~巧记:au,字母a像一个耳朵;o像张开的嘴~

17. abroad | aboard

abroad [ə'brɔːd] adv. 在国外;在外面

aboard [ə'bɔːd] adv. 在船/飞机/火车上

tip:broad是“宽广的”,abroad就是在国外咯(太宽广啦);board是板子,登机、登船都要踩着板子嘛,注意aboard是副词,表示在船/飞机/火车上。

18. altar | alter

altar ['ɔːltə] n. 圣坛,祭坛

alter ['ɔːltə] v. 改变

tip:发音是一致的,只是拼写和含义不同哦~

19. assent | ascent | accent

assent [ə'sent] v./n. 赞成,同意

ascent [ə'sent] n. 上升,上坡路

accent ['æksənt] n. 口音 v. 重读,强调

tip:assent和ascent发音一样,但拼写和意思不同。accent(口音)有个/k/的发音不要忘记,而且重音在前。

20. baron | barren | barn

baron ['bærən] n. 男爵 (相近词:baroness 男爵夫人)

barren ['bærən] adj. 贫瘠的,不生育的 (同义词:sterile)

barn [bɑːn] n. 谷仓;车棚;牛舍

 

2、翻译分类词汇全汇总📝

📖朝代那些事儿

中华文明 Chinese civilization

文明摇篮 cradle of civilization

华夏祖先 the Chinese ancestors

发源地 birthplace

文化遗址 the culture site

妃嫔 concubine

庆典 celebration

祭祀 sacrifice

等级制度 hierarchy system

在……的鼎盛时期 flourishing period

原始社会 primitive society

封建的 feudal

封建制度 feudality; feudal system

闭关政策 the exclusion/seclusion policy 、the closed-door policy

革命 revolution

秦始皇 First Emperor, Emperor Chin

慈禧太后 Empress Dowager

汉高祖刘邦 founder of the Han Dynasty

成吉思汗 Genghis Khan; Temujin

夏朝 Xia Dynasty

明清两代 Ming and Qing dynasties

朝廷使者 royal court envoy

📖汉语的秘密

汉字 Chinese character

单音节 single syllable

汉语四声调 the four tones of Chinese characters

阴平 level tone

阳平 rising tone

上声 falling-rising tone

去声 falling tone

五言绝句 five-character quatrain

七言律诗 seven-character octave

八股文 eight-part essay; stereotyped writing

“四大”家族 📖四大名著

《三国演义》 The Romance of the Three Kingdoms

《西游记》 The Journey to the West

《水浒传》 The Water Margin: Outlaws of the Marsh

《红楼梦》 A Dream of Red Mansions

四书 the Four Books

《大学》 The Great Learning

《中庸》 The Doctrine of the Mean

《论语》 Confucian Analects

《孟子》 The Mencius / The Works of Mencius

五经 The Five Classics

《春秋》 The Spring and Autumn Annals

《诗经》 The Book of Odes

《易经》 I Ching: The Book of Changes

《礼记》 The Book of Rites

《尚书》 The Books of History

📖文学经典

民间传说 folklores

语言 fable

传说 legend

神话 mythology

赋诗 inscribe a poem

对对联 match an antithetical couplet

《史记》 Historcial Records

《资治通鉴》 History as a Mirror

《山海经》 The Classic of Mountains and Rivers

《孝经》 Book of Filial Piety

《孙子兵法》 The Art of War

《三字经》 The Three-Character Scripture; The Three-Word Chant

《西厢记》 The Romance of West Chamber

《聊斋志异》 Strange Tales of a Lonely Studio; Strange Tales from Make-Do Studio

《围城》 Fortress Besieged

《阿Q正传》 The True Story of Ah Q

《吾国吾民》 My Country and My People

《京华烟云》 Moment in Peking

《骆驼祥子》 Rickshaw / James

《茶馆》 Teahouse

《边城》 The Border Town

《倾城之恋》 Love in a Fallen City

《十八春》(《倾城之恋》) Eighteen Springs

📖文化结晶

世界文化遗产名录 Lists of World Heritage

重要文化遗产 major cultural heritage

优秀民间艺术 outstanding folk arts

习武健身 practice martial art for fitness

气功 qigong; deep breathing exercises

文物 cultural relics

中国画 traditional Chinese painting

书法 calligraphy

文房四宝 the four stationery treasures of the Chinese study - a writing brush, an ink stick, an ink stone and paper

篆刻 seal cutting upriteous

工艺,手艺 workmanship / craftsmanship

水墨画 Chinese brush painting; ink and wash painting

工笔 traditional Chinese realistic painting

卷轴 scroll

漆画 lacquer painting

中国结 Chinese knot

蜡染 batik

泥人 clay figure

瓷器 porcelain

唐三彩 Trio-colored glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty

旗袍 Cheongsam

中山装 Chinese tunic suit

唐装 traditional Chinese garments (clothing); Tang suit

📖多学学人家是怎么学(zhuang)习(bi)的

文人 men of letters

雅士 refined scholars

表演艺术 performing art

现代流行艺术 popular art, pop art

纯艺术 high art

高雅艺术 refined art

电影艺术 cinematographic art

喜剧艺术 theatrical art

才子佳人 gifted scholars and beautiful ladies

📖京剧万象

京剧人物脸谱 Peking Opera Mask

生 male (the positive male role)

旦 female (the positive female role)

净 a supporting male role with striking character

丑 a clown / a negative role

滑稽短剧 skit

皮影戏 shadow play; leather-silhouette show

说书 story-telling

叠罗汉 make a human pyramid

折子戏 opera highlights

踩高跷 stilt walk

哑剧 pantomime; mime

哑剧演员 pantomimist

喜剧小品 skit (如果你没发现重复了那说明你没认真看!)

马戏 circus show

单口相声 monologue comic talk; standup comedy

相声 witty dialogue comedy; comic cross talk

杂技 acrobatics

特技表演 stunt

京韵大鼓 the traditioanl story-telling

秦腔 Shaanxi opera

📖天干地支

阳历 solar calendar

公历 gregorian calendar

阴历 lunar calendar

天干 heavenly stem

地支 earthly branch

闰年 leap year

二十四节气 the twenty-four solar terms

📖不放假的节日意义何在

国庆节 National Day

中秋节 Mid-Autumn Festival

春节 Spring Festival

元宵节 Lantern Festival

儿童节 Children's Day

端午节 Dragon Boat Festival

妇女节 Women's Day

泼水节 Water-Splashing Day

教师节 Teachers' Day

五四青年节 Youth Day

📖民以食为天

馄饨 wonton

锅贴 guotie (fried jiaozi)

花卷 steamed twisted rolls

套餐 set meal

盒饭 box lunch; Chinese take-away

米豆腐 rice tofu

豆腐脑 jellied bean curd

魔芋豆腐 konjak tofu

米粉 rice noodles

粉丝 glass noodles

冰糖葫芦 a stick of sugar-coated haws (or apples,etc.)

火锅 chafing dish

八宝饭 eight-treasure rice pudding

3、写作同义词替换📝

📖表数量

  • 一些 a range of ; a variety of ; a series of ; an array of
  • 无数 innumerable ; countless
  • 许多 plenty of ; a great deal of ; a lot of ; ample
  • 非常多(大)的 tremendous ; immense ; huge ; gigantic ; giant ; enormous
  • 扩展,扩大 expand ; broaden ; widen ; extend ; enlarge ; spread

📖表时间

  • 过时的 outdated ; antiquated ; outmoded ; obsolete ; anachronistic ; go out of style ; go out of fashion
  • 永久的,长期不变的 permanently ; enduringly ; lastingly ; constantly
  • 短暂的 ephemeral ; transitory ; transient ; short-lived
  • 不合时宜的 anachronism
  • 可持久的 durable ; able to stand wear ; last a long time
  • 一再 time after time ; again and again
  • 前述的 aforementioned ; aforesaid ; former
  • 自古到今 from ancient times to the present day ; down through the ages
  • 年轻人 young people ; youngster ; youth ; young adult
  • 老式的 old-fashioned ; out of date ; dated
  • 偶尔 from time to time ; now and then ; once in a while ; at times
  • 时常 often ; frequently ; repeatedly
  • 永远的 eternal ; perpetual ; lasting throughout life
  • 目前 so far ; by far
  • 后来,然后 afterwards ; later on ; later, after all
  • 当前,目前 nowadays ; at present ; currently ; presently
  • 迟早,最终 eventually ; sooner or later ; at length ; ultimately ; finally
  • 抛弃,放弃 desert ; abandon ; quit

📖表评价

  • 认为,主张 argue ; maintain ; hold ; believe
  • 表达 voice ; convey ; express ; deliver ; communicate
  • 描绘,描述,描写 depict ; describe ; picture
  • 考虑 take…..sth. into consideration ; consider ; ponder ; meditate ; contemplate ; think over ; reflect on/ upon ; meditate on the matter(思考这问题) ; ponder over
  • 下结论,断定 come into conclusion ; arrive at the conclusion ; draw the conclusion ; conclude ; decide ; assert
  • 好处,优点 advantage ; merit ; benefit
  • 坏处,缺点 disadvantage ; defect ; flaw ; drawback ; deficiency
  • 获得 acquire ; obtain ; attain ; reap
  • 赢得,取得 earn; gain ; procure
  • 支持, 赞成 approve of ; in favor of ; uphold ; stand by one's side ; agree with ; give one's assent ; support ; endorse ; back up ; uphold
  • 提倡 advocate ; recommend
  • 真诚的,衷心的 hearty ; sincere ; frank (honest)
  • 有用的 useful ; of use ; serviceable ; good for ; instrumental ; productive
  • 使…受益 benefit… ; do good to… ; is good for… is of great benefit to…
  • 于事无补 of no help ; of no avail ; no use
  • 有意义的 meaningful ; fulfilling ; far-reaching ; profound ; significant ; eventful
  • 骂 yell at ; reprimand ; chide ; scold ; reprove
  • 谴责 condemn ; express strong disapproval of
  • 否定 deny ; withhold ; negate
  • 承认 admit;acknowledge ; confess ; concede
  • 反对 opposite ; object to ; resist
  • 错的 mistaken ; erroneous ; wrong ; incorrect
  • 错事 wrongdoing ; bad acts ; misbehavior
  • 违反,侵犯 violate ; disobey ; infringe ; break
  • 责备,斥责 blame ; accuse ; denounce ; scold
  • 做相反的 do the reverse of ; do the opposite
  • 归咎 blame…on ; put the blame on … ; …is to blame
  • 瓦解 disintegrate ; break up ; separate into small parts
  • 支持某一方 in favor of ; on the side of
  • 一致的 unanimous ; in complete agreement
  • 不恰当 inappropriate ; improper ; unsuitable ; inadequate
  • 批判 criticize ; blame ; find fault with ; make judgments of the merits and faults of…
  • 重要的,有决定性的 vital ; crucial ; critical ; decisive
  • 充分运用 optimize ; make best use of ; make full use of
  • 使用 employ ; utilize ; apply (应用)
  • 我们相信… We are convinced / certain that…;by common consent of…
  • 我愿意(倾向) I incline to ; I am inclined to ; I am willing to ; I tend to
  • 他们不愿承认这一点 They have always been reluctant to admit this…
  • 想法 frame of mind ; mind set ; the way one is thinking
  • 找出 come up with ; find out ; figure out
  • 利用 use ; take advantage of
  • 夸耀 brag about ; boast about ; show off ; speak highly of
  • 照顾 take care of ; take charge of ; attend to ; watch over
  • 对…很了解 have a deep knowledge of… ; know well
  • 对抗权威 stand up against authority ; resisit boldly the authority
  • 说清楚 articulate ; verbalize ; put in words ; utter
  • 选择 choose ; elect ; opt for ; pick ; single out
  • 复杂的 complicated ; complex
  • 费解的 mysterious ; incomprehensible ; obscure ; unintelligible
  • 混杂的,不清楚地,迷惑的 confused ; bewildered ; perplexed

📖其他用的着的

  • 在我看来,就我而言 in my view ; in my belief ; as far as I can see ; in my mind ; as far as I am concerned ; in my opinion
  • 明智的,合理的 advisable ; sensible ; rational ; sane ; logical ; reasonable
  • 提高 improve ; increase ; enhance ; raise ; elevate ; grow
  • 使信服 convince ; persuade ; assure ; confirm
  • 有敌意的,反对的 hostile ; adverse ; aggressive
  • 方法,手段 method ; approach ; means ; measure ;mode
  • 熟悉,知道 be acquainted with ; be familiar with ; be informed of
  • 解决,处理 resolve ; settle ; deal with ; cope with ; manage ; work on
  • 减少,削弱 reduce ; decrease ; diminish ; lessen ; lower
  • 建立 construct ; build ; set up ; put up ; found ; establish
  • 想出,想到 come up with ; cross one's mind ; occur to sb. ; put forward ; point out
  • 具体的,明确的 concrete ; specific ; particular ; definite ; special
  • 逐步地,逐渐地 step by step ; little by little ; bit by bit ; gradually
  • 必要的,不可缺少的 indispensable ; essential ; necessary
  • 合作 cooperate ; join forces ; work side by side ; make joint efforts
  • 把…看作,当做 regard as ; consider as ; look on….as ; treat… as ; view …as
  • 遵守 abide by ; observe ; conform
  • 努力做,尽力做 attempt to ; make efforts to ; endeavor to ; manage to do
  • 开展,实施,做 practice ; carry on ; conduct ; perform ; implement ; bring into effect ; put in practice
  • 强调,突出 lay/ place emphasis on ; attach emphasis to ; stress on ; highlight ; underline
  • 实现,完成 achieve ; accomplish ; fulfill ; complete
  • 起作用 play a role ; perform ; function ; serve ; play a part
  • 证实,证明 testify ; confirm ; verify ; turn out
  • 建设性的,有益的 constructive ; helpful ; valuable ; useful
  • 目的,目标 purpose ; objective ; aim ; goal
  • 影响 affect; impact ; have effect on
  • 意识到 be aware of ; be conscious of ; realize ; recognize

4、四六级阅读难词📝

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四六级阅读难词解答

四六级阅读难词虽然都已经看了阅读的解题技巧,但是真正来匹配关键词的时候,怎么也匹配不对,反反复复时间花了还没有做对…………为什么会这样呢?因为即便是正确的方法,也需要不断地实践和纠正,而你自己在摸索的过程中,就很有可能花了时间还没有效果,没有正反馈,没有人告诉你错在哪里,那么下一次做题,你还是沿用了错误的解题思路,屡战屡败,谁还想继续……如果你真的想在这最后关头,在四六级阅读上至少提50+分,短时间快速提高自己的仔细阅读解题技巧,赶快戳下图吧!!!

👉🏻戳这里即可报名

1、重要的(important)

  • vital ['vaɪt(ə)l]

【例句】She had found out some information of vital importance.

【翻译】她已经发现了一些至关重要的信。

  • ★crucial ['kruːʃ(ə)l]

【例句】It is crucial that the problem is tackled immediately.

【翻译】立即着手解决这个问题是至关重要的。

  • ★prominent ['prɒmɪnənt]

【例句】This considerable increase in investment played a prominent role in fueling economic growth.

【翻译】投资的较大幅度增加,对拉动经济增长发挥了明显作用。

  • ★cardinal ['kɑːd(ɪ)n(ə)l]

【例句】Respect for life is a cardinal principle of English law.

【翻译】尊重生命是英国法律最重要的原则。

2、优秀的(good)

  • excellent ['eks(ə)l(ə)nt]

【例句】She has always had a high reputation for her excellent short stories.

【翻译】她一直因其优秀的短篇小说享有很高的声望。

  • ★outstanding [aʊt'stændɪŋ]

【例句】The girl who won the scholarship was quite outstanding.

【翻译】得奖学金的女孩是相当优秀的。

  • extraordinary [ɪkˈstrɔːdnri]

【例句】Her strength of will was extraordinary.

【翻译】她的意志力是非凡的。

  • ★remarkable [rɪ'mɑːkəb(ə)l]

【例句】The economic diplomacy of China is characterized by distinctive features and remarkable achievements.

【翻译】中国的经济外交具有鲜明的特点和卓越的成就。

3、有趣的(interesting)

  • amusing [ə'mjuːzɪŋ]

【例句】Do not hesitate to laugh at anything you find amusing.

【翻译】只要觉得好笑就尽管笑。

  • ★entertaining [entə'teɪnɪŋ]

【例句】This is an entertaining yet thought-provoking film.

【翻译】这部电影令人捧腹,却又发人深省。

  • ★engaging [ɪn'geɪdʒɪŋ]

【例句】His engaging personality made him popular with his peers.

【翻译】他迷人的个性使他深受同龄人的喜爱。

4、有活力的(energetic)

  • ★dynamic [daɪ'næmɪk]

【例句】South Asia continues to be the most dynamic economic region in the world.

【翻译】南亚仍然是世界上最具活力的经济区。

  • vigorous ['vɪg(ə)rəs]

【例句】We urge vigorous action to be taken immediately.

【翻译】我们强烈要求立即采取有力措施。

  • ★animated ['ænɪmeɪtɪd]

【例句】His observations gave rise to an animated and lively discussion.

【翻译】他的言论引起了一场气氛热烈而活跃的讨论。

5、充足的(abundant)

  • ★ample ['æmp(ə)l]

【例句】Agriculture has developed rapidly, thus providing light industry with ample raw materials.

【翻译】农业迅速发展, 从而为轻工业提供了充足的原料。

  • plentiful ['plentɪfʊl]

【例句】Hot climate and plentiful rainfall favor the growth of plants.

【翻译】炎热的气候和充足的雨水有助于植物生长。

  • generous ['dʒen(ə)rəs]

【例句】No one is expecting a very generous pay increase this year.

【翻译】没有人指望今年会有大幅度的工资增长。

6、勇敢的(brave)

  • ★courageous [kə'reɪdʒəs]

【例句】The pioneers are courageous indeed, overcoming one difficulty after another.

【翻译】这些开拓者的确有勇气, 他们克服了一个又一个的困难。

  • bold [bəʊld]

【例句】Big, successful moves need bold, masterful managers.

【翻译】重大而成功的举措需要既大胆又善于控制局势的经理来实施。

  • fearless ['fɪəlɪs]

【例句】To go in for technical innovation, one must have the fearless spirit of a pathbreaker.

【翻译】搞技术革新就要有一股不怕困难的闯劲。

7、合理的(reasonable)

  • sound [saʊnd]

【例句】She gave me some very sound advice.

【翻译】她给了我一些非常合理的建议。

  • ★rational ['ræʃ(ə)n(ə)l]

【例句】There is no rational explanation for his actions.

【翻译】对他的所作所为无法作出合理的解释。

  • ★sensible ['sensɪb(ə)l]

【例句】It would seem more sensible to apply standards flexibly rather than rigidly.

【翻译】灵活地运用标准比死守标准会显得更合情合理。

8、著名的(famous)

  • ★renowned [rɪ'naʊnd]

【例句】The region is renowned for its outstanding natural beauty.

【翻译】该地区以其无以伦比的自然风景闻名于世。

  • noticeable ['nəʊtɪsəb(ə)l]

【例句】The class has made noticeable improvement.

【翻译】这个班已有引人注目的进步。

  • notable ['nəʊtəb(ə)l]

【例句】The book stands out as one of the notable landmarks in the progress of modern science.

【翻译】这部著作是现代科学发展史上著名的里程碑之一。

9、有益的(helpful)

  • favorable ['feɪvərəbl]

【例句】Such events occur only when the external conditions are favorable.

【翻译】这种事情只有在外部条件有利时才会发生。

  • beneficial [benɪ'fɪʃ(ə)l]

【例句】It can be beneficial to share your feelings with someone you trust.

【翻译】向自己信任的人倾诉感情是很有益处的。

  • ★rewarding [rɪ'wɔːdɪŋ]

【例句】It is a very rewarding exercise to work this out oneself.

【翻译】独自解决这个问题是一次受益匪浅的锻炼。

10、许多(many)

  • ★numerous ['njuːm(ə)rəs]

【例句】Numerous factories have sprung up in this once desolate area.

【翻译】过去这一带满目苍凉, 现在却有了无数的工厂。

  • a host of

【例句】The special theory of relativity has raised a host of questions.

【翻译】狭义相对论引出了许多问题。

  • ★a multitude of

【例句】I was awed by the multitude of stars in the night sky.

【翻译】夜空中的繁星震撼了我。

11、不同的(different)

  • various ['veərɪəs]

【例句】These data have been collected from various sources.

【翻译】这些数据是从各方面搜集来的。

  • a variety of

【例句】A variety of heavy industries grew up alongside the port.

【翻译】各种重工业沿着港口逐渐发展起来。

  • ★diverse [daɪ'vɜːs]

【例句】People hold diverse attitudes toward these new regulations.

【翻译】人们对于这些新规定抱有不同的态度。

12、普遍的(common)

  • ★commonplace ['kɒmənpleɪs]

【例句】Yet on the most commonplace occasion I can never know your thoughts.

【翻译】然而即便在最普通的场合我也琢摸不透你的心思。

  • universal [juːnɪ'vɜːs(ə)l]

【例句】Such problems are a universal feature of senior citizens.

【翻译】这类问题是老年人的通病。

  • ★pervasive [pə'veɪsɪv]

【例句】It is the most pervasive compound on earth.

【翻译】它是地球上最普遍的化合物。

13、唯一的(only)

  • ★solely ['səʊllɪ]

【例句】Success should not be measured solely by educational achievement.

【翻译】成功与否不应只用学业成绩来衡量。

  • unique [juː'niːk]

【例句】The examples are unique to this dictionary.

【翻译】这些例证是这部词典独有的。

  • merely ['mɪəlɪ]

【例句】You are merely reciting facts that you have learned by rote.

【翻译】你只是在背诵自己死记硬背下来的东西。

14、贫穷的(poor)

  • ★needy ['niːdɪ]

【例句】Needy and handicapped people depend on government relief for their support.

【翻译】穷人和残疾人依靠政府的救济维持生计。

  • ★impoverished [ɪm'pɒvərɪʃt]

【例句】The rural people have been impoverished by a collapsing economy.

【翻译】经济崩溃使农村地区的人们一贫如洗。

  • in poverty

【例句】He was bred up in poverty.

【翻译】他是在贫苦的生活环境中长大的。

15、富裕的(rich)

  • wealthy ['welθɪ]

【例句】All of them came from wealthy, upper class families.

【翻译】他们全部来自富有的上流社会家庭。

  • well-heeled ['wel'hi:ld]

【例句】Both families are reasonably well-heeled and comfortably-off.

【翻译】两家人都相当富有,都生活得很舒适。

  • ★well-to-do

【例句】She comes from a well-to-do family.

【翻译】她出身于一个小康之家。

16、大的(big)

  • vast [vɑːst]

【例句】The pollution has already turned vast areas into a wasteland.

【翻译】污染已经使大片地区沦为不毛之地。

  • ★massive ['mæsɪv]

【例句】We needed to reskill our workforce to cope with massive technological change.

【翻译】我们得让工人学习新技能,以应对巨大的技术变革。

  • enormous [ɪ'nɔːməs]

【例句】The enormous difficulty makes him cynical about the feasibility of the idea.

【翻译】巨大的困难让他对这个主意是否可行持怀疑态度。

17、新的(new)

  • brand new

【例句】Net Electronic Map has become a brand-new way for showing the geographic information.

【翻译】网上电子地图已成为一种全新的地理信息展示方式。

  • fresh [freʃ]

【例句】The company seemed set to make a fresh start under a new broom.

【翻译】公司似乎准备在新任领导的带领下开创新局面。

  • ★novel ['nɒv(ə)l]

【例句】Protesters found a novel way of demonstrating against steeply rising oil prices.

【翻译】抗议者找到了抗议油价飞涨的新办法。

18、不好的(bad)

  • ★undesirable [ʌndɪ'zaɪərəb(ə)l]

【例句】It was felt that the ageing of society was socially and economically undesirable.

【翻译】老龄化对于社会和经济的不良影响呈现出来了。

  • ★negative ['negətɪv]

【例句】You can't learn anything with negative attitude.

【翻译】消极的态度会让你什么都学不到。

  • ★adverse ['ædvɜːs]

【例句】The expedition encountered adverse weather conditions.

【翻译】探险队遇到了不利的气候条件。

19、有害的(harmful)

  • damaging ['dæmɪdʒɪŋ]

【例句】Many chemicals have a damaging effect on the environment.

【翻译】许多化学物质都会对环境有破坏性的影响。

  • ★ruinous ['ruːɪnəs]

【例句】The decision was to prove ruinous.

【翻译】后来证明这个决定造成了危害。

  • ★destructive [dɪ'strʌktɪv]

【例句】Severe damage witnessed the destructive force of the storm.

【翻译】严重的损失表明了这场暴风雨的巨大破坏力。

20、困难的(difficult)

  • demanding [dɪ'mɑːndɪŋ]

【例句】He found he could no longer cope with his demanding job.

【翻译】他发现自己已无力应对那份劳神费力的工作了。

  • ★laborious [lə'bɔːrɪəs]

【例句】They had the laborious task of cutting down the huge tree.

【翻译】他们接受了伐大树的艰苦工作。

  • formidable ['fɔːmɪdəb(ə)l]

【例句】He took on the formidable task of reforming the whole system.

【翻译】他承担起改革整个系统的艰巨任务。

21、无聊的(boring)

  • dull [dʌl]

【例句】The conference was deadly dull.

【翻译】会议开得死气沉沉的。

  • tiresome ['taɪəs(ə)m]

【例句】I find it very tiresome doing the same job day after day.

【翻译】日复一日做相同的工作让我觉得非常无聊。

  • ★tedious ['tiːdɪəs]

【例句】He that can read and meditate will not find his evenings long or life tedious.

【翻译】会读书和思考的人不会感到长夜无聊或者生活乏味。

22、忧虑的(worried)

  • anxious ['æŋ(k)ʃəs]

【例句】He was anxious about the enormity of the task ahead.

【翻译】他为眼前任务的艰巨性而担忧。

  • ★apprehensive [æprɪ'hensɪv]

【例句】The long delay had made me quite apprehensive.

【翻译】长时间的耽搁使我相当焦虑。

  • fraught [frɔːt]

【例句】It has been a somewhat fraught day.

【翻译】这是令人颇为担忧的一天。

23、沮丧的(sad)

  • depressed [dɪ'prest]

【例句】She felt very depressed about the future.

【翻译】她感到前途无望。

  • ★gloomy ['gluːmɪ]

【例句】They found him in gloomy, downbeat mood.

【翻译】他们发现他情绪低落,无精打采。

  • ★frustrated [frʌ'streɪtɪd]

【例句】Both sides in the dispute appeared very frustrated at the lack of progress.

【翻译】争执双方因事情毫无进展而显得十分沮丧。

24、怀疑的(doubtful)

  • ★skeptical ['skeptɪkəl]

【例句】Many were skeptical about this solution.

【翻译】许多人对这一解决办法表示怀疑。

  • ★suspicious [sə'spɪʃəs]

【例句】Most organizations are, quite understandably, suspicious of new ideas.

【翻译】大多数机构对新想法持怀疑态度,这不难理解。

  • ★incredulous [ɪn'kredjʊləs]

【例句】She gave me an incredulous glance.

【翻译】她表示怀疑地向我瞥了一眼。

25、非常(very)

  • ★exceedingly [ɪk'siːdɪŋlɪ]

【例句】The child has skipped to the third grade as he did exceedingly well in his studies.

【翻译】这孩子因成绩优异而越级升入三年级。

  • extremely [ɪk'striːmlɪ]

【例句】He had been extremely tactful in dealing with the financial question.

【翻译】他在处理这个财务问题时很有分寸。

  • ★considerably [kən'sɪd(ə)rəblɪ]

【例句】The need for sleep varies considerably from person to person.

【翻译】不同的人对睡眠的需要差异相当大。

26、尤其(especially)

  • specially ['speʃəlɪ]

【例句】It will be hard to work today---specially when it’s so warm and sunny outside.

【翻译】今天无心工作——尤其是外面这样风和日丽。

  • notably ['nəʊtəblɪ]

【例句】Some subjects are very popular among students, notably computer science.

【翻译】一些课程在学生当中是非常受欢迎的,尤其是计算机课。

  • particularly [pə'tɪkjʊləlɪ]

【例句】Traffic is bad, particularly in the city center.

【翻译】交通状况很差,尤其实在市中心。

27、立即(immediately)

  • directly [dɪ'rektlɪ]

【例句】Tell them I’ll be there directly.

【翻译】告诉他们我一会就到。

  • instantly ['ɪnst(ə)ntlɪ]

【例句】The diplomat threw in a joke, and the tension was instantly relieved.

【翻译】那位外交官插进一个笑话,紧张的气氛顿时缓和下来。

  • ★promptly ['prɒm(p)tlɪ]

【例句】She promptly seized the opportunity his absence gave her.

【翻译】她立即抓住了因他不在场给她创造的机会。

28、明显地(clearly)

  • obviously ['ɒbvɪəslɪ]

【例句】Obviously, they've had sponsorship from some big companies.

【翻译】很显然,他们已经得到某些大公司的赞助。

  • apparently [ə'pærəntlɪ]

【例句】Apparently they are getting divorced soon.

【翻译】看样子,他们很快就要离婚。

  • evidently ['evɪd(ə)ntlɪ]

【例句】Ellis evidently wished to negotiate downwards after Atkinson had set the guidelines.

【翻译】埃利斯显然希望在阿特金森制定了指导方针后继续往下协商。

29、确定地(certainly)

  • definitely ['defɪnɪtlɪ]

【例句】I definitely remember sending the letter.

【翻译】我记得这封信肯定发出去了。

  • ★undoubtedly [ʌn'daʊtɪdlɪ]

【例句】Mr. Brooke is undoubtedly in a spot of bother.

【翻译】布鲁克先生肯定遇到了点小麻烦。

  • decidedly [dɪ'saɪdɪdlɪ]

【例句】He made all the other players on the field look decidedly ordinary.

【翻译】他使场上所有其他运动员都黯然失色。

30、完全地(totally)

  • completely [kəm'pliːtlɪ]

【例句】This newspaper gave a completely different slant on the tax reform.

【翻译】这家报纸对税制改革持有完全不同的看法。

  • ★absolutely ['æbsəluːtlɪ]

【例句】At the end of a day’s teaching, her nerves were absolutely shattered.

【翻译】教了一天课,她精疲力竭。

  • entirely [ɪn'taɪəlɪ]

【例句】An entirely rigid system is impractical.

【翻译】一套完全死板的体制是不实际的。

31、广泛地(widely)

  • generally ['dʒen(ə)rəlɪ]

【例句】The plan was generally welcomed.

【翻译】该计划大受欢迎。

  • extensively [ik'stensivli]

【例句】She has travelled extensively.

【翻译】她游历甚广。

  • universally [juːnɪ'vɜːsəlɪ]

【例句】The scale of the problem is now universally recognized.

【翻译】现在全世界的人都已认识到了这个问题的严重性。

32、认为(think)

  • ★deem [diːm]

【例句】I deem it advisable to purchase the shares in the railway now.

【翻译】我认为现在购买铁路股票是明智的。

  • ★reckon ['rek(ə)n]

【例句】I reckon she has good reason to feel smug.

【翻译】我认为她洋洋得意必有其缘故。

  • maintain [meɪn'teɪn]

【例句】She maintains that the accusation is groundless.

【翻译】她坚称该指控是毫无根据的。

33、解决(solve)

  • ★tackle ['tæk(ə)l]

【例句】I don't know how to tackle this problem.

【翻译】我不知道该如何处理这个问题。

  • cope with

【例句】We have taken on extra staff to cope with the increased workload.

【翻译】我们已经额外雇用员工来应付增加了的工作量。

  • ★dispose of

【例句】You did us a great favor by disposing of that problem.

【翻译】你解决了那个问题,可算是帮了我们一个大忙。

34、提高(improve)

  • enhance [ɪn'hɑːns]

【例句】They'll be keen to enhance their reputation abroad.

【翻译】他们会非常渴望提高他们在国外的声誉。

  • ★boost [buːst]

【例句】We need a big win to boost our confidence.

【翻译】我们需要大胜一场来增强信心。

  • ★elevate ['elɪveɪt]

【例句】Good books may elevate the mind.

【翻译】好书可以提高思想修养。

35、激励(encourage)

  • motivate ['məʊtɪveɪt]

【例句】Stock options are a good way to motivate employees to work harder.

【翻译】股票选择权是激励员工更努力工作的好方法。

  • stimulate ['stɪmjʊleɪt]

【例句】They counted on foreign investment to stimulate their economy.

【翻译】他们想依靠外国投资来刺激他们的经济。

  • ★inspire [ɪn'spaɪə]

【例句】Her work didn’t exactly inspire me with confidence.

【翻译】她的工作并没有真正的使我产生信心。

36、引起(cause)

  • result in

【例句】The flood resulted in a considerable reduction in production.

【翻译】这次洪水造成相当大的减产。

  • ★give rise to

【例句】So many things concurred to give rise to the problem.

【翻译】许多事情同时发生而导致了这一问题。

  • ★trigger ['trɪgə]

【例句】The current recession was triggered by a slump in consumer spending.

【翻译】目前的经济衰退是由消费支出骤跌引起的。

37、完成(finish)

  • fulfill [ful'fil]

【例句】Unless we make a move soon, we shall not be able to fulfill our plan.

【翻译】如果不赶快采取行动, 我们就不能完成计划了。

  • ★accomplish [ə'kʌmplɪʃ]

【例句】Though the task was difficult, they managed to accomplish it in time.

【翻译】尽管任务困难, 他们仍按时完成了。

  • complete [kəm'pliːt]

【例句】He pulled out all the stops to complete the work in time.

【翻译】他竭尽全力及时完成了工作。

38、支持(support)

  • advocate ['ædvəkeɪt]

【例句】We advocate solving international dispute by negotiation, instead of appealing to arms.

【翻译】我们主张通过协商解决国际争端, 而不主张诉诸武力。

  • argue for

【例句】Do directors see new risks that argue for a different approach?

【翻译】董事们有没有看到可能支持不同做法的新风险?

  • in favour of

【例句】The majority voted in favor of the proposal.

【翻译】多数人投票赞成这项提案。

39、反对(object)

  • argue against

【例句】Three considerations argue against increasing fee.

【翻译】三种理由反对增加费用。

  • be opposed to

【例句】Mr Clarke has shown himself to be resolutely opposed to compromise.

【翻译】克拉克先生已表示自己坚决反对妥协。

  • ★frown on

【例句】He would frown on such a proposal.

【翻译】他不会赞成这样的建议。

以上就是超全的英语四六级考前必背词汇,那就请收下吧,关键时刻一定会对你有帮助的。

本文由 ABC360少儿英语培训 作者:陈老师 发表,其版权均为 ABC360少儿英语培训 所有,文章内容系作者个人观点,不代表 ABC360少儿英语培训 对观点赞同或支持。如需转载,请注明文章来源。
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